I hear the occasional grumble. Why is that photo of that object so bad? Why isn’t there an online database? Why are only selected objects online? Why can’t museums get their acts together?
I worked on a grant project for three years photographing a large chunk of a major art museum’s costume collection. In that time, we photographed 7,000 objects in three years. Pre-Columbian textile fragments. Black socks. Purses. White handkerchiefs. Samplers. Gloves. For four days a week, our team would set out each object for a dedicated photographer. She would photograph the works, while my partner and I would do condition surveys on the objects. Our average rate was 20-30 objects a day.
But dressing works on mannequins takes time. We only dressed 130 ensembles on mannequins – we could generally manage dressing three objects a day. This isn’t department store window dressing, but we weren’t preparing the object as if it was being displayed in the galleries for three months either.
First we would slide a pair of nylons over the mannequin, to act as foundation for padding to be built upon it. Measurements from the garment would guide any additional padding needed. Layers of polyester batting were then sandwiched and stitched in place between the first and a second layer of nylons. Then period appropriate undergarments are added. This isn’t the same as dressing reenactors in fully authentic garb – the point is to create a proper shape for the historic garment without stressing it. In a pinch, some rolled Photo Tex tissue pinned to the dressing undergarments can make a pretty good bum roll. When you consider that photography of three dressed mannequins takes one day of a conservator’s time, one day of a collections care specialist’s (that would be me) time, and one day of a photographer’s time, the money starts to add up. This is without any conservation time to remove wrinkles; we didn’t photograph those things that needed serious treatment before dressing. In man hours alone, the photography of 3 mannequins cost between $600-1000. Most museums need grant or private funding to accomplish such projects.
Documenting collections through photography is one of those collection care tasks that goes unseen by the public. At this week’s American Institute for Conservation‘s conference “Connecting to Conservation: Outreach and Advocacy” there were several great presentations on educating visitors about collection care. Museums neglect to track costs of much collection care that is not attached to grants. But museums should make all conservation and collection care tasks more visible through their websites, gallery talks while collection care is taking place, and other outreach activities. If museum patrons don’t know our needs, how can they know we need funding?